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Treatment of Sensitive skin

Understanding sensitive skin

How is our skin protected?

The most important way to protect the body and skin from external factors is the number of cells and thickness of the skin layer and other skin components such as sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles and subcutaneous fat layer. The secretion of lipids through the sebaceous glands is a protective method of external stimuli. In some cases, the skin layer is acidic and it helps to prevent the proliferation of bacteria.  It was found that some patients with skin allergies have a high degree of alkaline skin.

Factors that lead to skin sensitivity

The most important factors are the decreased thickness of the skin or the use of materials not suitable for the nature of the skin, leading to dryness of the skin and its susceptibility to cracking and sensitivity. The most common substances causing this sensitivity are benzoic acids, hydroxic acids, ethanol and glycolic acid.

Preparations that may lead to skin allergy

1) Plant preparations such as camomile, sandalwood and rosemary preparations

2) Extracts of natural oils such as paraffins, shower oils, tea tree oil, lavender oil, coconut oil, jojoba oil

3) cosmetics such as red lips and some types of creams and powders

4) Acetone-containing skin pigments

5) High alkaline hair removal materials or containing strong chemicals

Materials that lead to Urticaria on contact:

Urticaria is a type of allergy, that usually presents in the form of red elevated circles.  The most common substances that lead to this type of sensitivity are alcohol, ammonia, hair dyes, henna, mint, formalin, acetone and some acids such as benzoic and acrylic preparations

General sensitivity status

This patient does not tolerate any kind of soap or cosmetics on the face.

Treatment for sensitive skin

The first step in the treatment of sensitive skin patient is a careful review of the possibility of using any of the above substances of allergens, and refraining from their use.

It is important to note that 5% of people do not tolerate any kind of detergents, soap or shampoo. Patients should not overuse or over-clean with these products.

In significant cases of allergies, stop the use of any detergents or cosmetics on the face. The doctor will prescribe soothing or anti-inflammatory creams. After control of the condition, we can gradually start using cleansers designed for sensitive skin and a mild moisturizer that doesn’t contain hydroxy acids, plant extracts, or some of the extracts of vitamin A-C, vitamin E, or glycol.

 

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